The oil industry is made up of a variety of people from different backgrounds with diverse skills. The immensity of this industry leaves open a large opportunity for numerous careers ranging from construction and transportation to finance and management. Construction and extraction workers make up the largest group in the industry, accounting for 37% of the jobs. Production workers, however, is the smallest group, with only 9% of the jobs. Jobs related to the oil industry include:
Drilling Superintendent: Supervises drilling crews and oversees one or more drilling rigs. The superintendent is responsible for devising solutions to problems that may delay the drilling process. They hold meetings to coordinate activities and inspect operations to make sure safety standards are being followed. To become a Drilling Superintendent, most companies require a bachelor’s degree in Petroleum Engineering.
Field Petroleum Engineer: Plans and supervises drilling operations, develops and implements the most efficient recovery method, and plans and manages well operations and maintenance. They maximize production by coordinating the field operation and operate control of oil and gas production. Petroleum Engineers also prepare production plans either on a weekly, monthly, quarterly or annual basis, and most often assists in budget preparation. A degree in engineering is required to fulfill this type of position.
Health and Safety Engineer: Makes sure that safety standards are regulations are met on an oil vessel. They support vessel management by providing advice and guidance on how to apply with legislative, regulatory, industry specific and company system requirements. A Health and Safety Engineer who is onboard an oilrig is also a liaison between those on the vessel and health and safety management onshore. Knowledge of Health and Safety standards are essential to becoming a Health and Safety Engineer as well as a formal diploma or certificate in occupational health and safety.
Lease Buyer: Makes business arrangements to obtain the use of the land or mineral rights from its owners. They also source and buy supplies that are necessary for everyday operations. A lease buyer manages accounts with clients and acts as a liaison between staff members that are onshore and offshore to make sure they have proper supplies. Experience in sales, excellent communication skills and knowledge of contracts are important to becoming a Lease Buyer.
Senior Well Engineer: Develops well engineering solution for projects and ensures that high quality standards are being met in well operations. Senior Well Engineers assesses the risks and safety measures are in place when well projects are being completed. They also assign all rig activities and make sure the rigs are running efficiently. A Senior Well Engineer is a team leader that conducts planning and strategizing to ensure the optimization of safety and efficiently. Most times a high education diploma is required, and possibly a bachelor’s degree.
There are many more exciting career opportunities that can be explored in the Oil industry, from working on an oilrig to supporting operations in a corporate office. More information on careers related to the oil industry can be found at The U.S. Department of Labor's Website.